Principles of Biotechnology

In biotechnology, there are some basic principles that are also important for you to know. Whereas what is meant by this basic principle is nothing but the process of the process in biotechnology. Well, some of these principles are fermentation, selection and crossing, genetic analysis, tissue culture, genetic recommendations and DNA analysis.


One of the basic principles of biotechnology that is very widely used and most commonly encountered is fermentation. Fermentation is also not complicated, even very simple to apply. In conventional biotechnology processes, a lot of fermentation is applied. As for processing, fermentas use the help of microorganisms.

In short, fermentation can be said as the process of converting complex materials becomes simpler. In this case, the fermentation process uses a system without oxygen, or it could be with only a little oxygen which is called anaerobic partial environmental conditions. While the products produced are like yogurt, cheese, milk, tempeh, and so on.

Selection and crossing

In fermentation, there is no such thing as engineering. But if it is already included in the discussion of the principle of crossing, in this case more on genetic manipulation. However, this manipulation is still in accordance with the natural law that should be. In this process the theory is applied to organisms that are still one species. After that the selection will then be crossed.

The purpose of this crossing is to produce new species of the type or race that are the most effective, and as needed. Usually, the results of the selection are given new terms and are called superior seeds. Well, usually some products that use a lot of these principles are on rice farming, and corn. As for animals, much is done on cows and chickens.

Genetic analysis

If the two principles discussed earlier are classified as conventional biotechnology, genetic analysis is the beginning of modern biotechnology. In this process, the cell nucleus begins to be unpacked by various secrets. The genes also began to be observed properly with biochemical methods and physiological analysis. However, there are also observations that are carried out directly.

Plant tissue isolation method

For tissue culture this is also one of the modern biotechnological methods. In this case, there are one of the basic principles applied in it. The principle is to use small parts of living things, both plants and animals, to multiply the quantity. While the chicks produced will be exactly the same as the parent.

DNA recommendations

Seeing how good this biotechnology theory is, of course it can be admitted that humans are indeed one of the most creative creatures. DNA recommendations are one of the evidences in this regard. This DNA recommendation is done when selection and crossing cannot be done. In its terms, DNA recommendations can also be called merging DNA.

One example in this DNA recommendation is, when someone wants to get tomatoes that are durable and resistant to cold, the tomatoes are recommended by DNA with genes that normally make the fish stay fresh and cold. Well, the success of this DNA recommendation is inseparable from the discovery of several things such as enzin restriction, microscopy and other discoveries.

DNA analysis

The last principle is DNA analysis. In this case DNA analysis is included in one of the achievements that still want to be produced in modern biotechnology. In this DNA analysis there is what is called mapping and analysis of every part of the DNA of living things. The goal is so that the development of biological technology can enter in the next stage.

After listening to all the reviews, of course you now understand what biotechnology is, its types, and the process. In this case it cannot be denied that biotechnology can cause some serious impacts. However, for the times, the benefits generated from biotechnology itself are very high.

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